Let’s learn about shaper machines along with it’s definition, brief history, need, types, principle, working, advantages and disadvantages, etc. In the manufacturing sector, it is crucial to get a smooth finish of any yield material.
Whether you are manufacturing a small bolt or a massive shaft, the finish of the material remains at the top that helps in grabbing exposure and remains in demand.
Let’s explore Shaping Machines, its details.
What are shaper machines? Different machines can help in shaping the desired material.
One of them is a shaper machine that is widely used for producing,
Shaper machines are one of the basic tools that hold an important place in any mechanical workshop.
Apart from that, it is also a vital part of the manufacturing industry. This machine is useful for manufacturing different parts, jobs, etc.
Let’s delve into the brief information about machining tools and all-around information of one of the efficient machining tools, i.e. shaper machines that will help to understand the need for flat surfaces in an elaborate manner.
A machine tool is nothing but a tool that helps in attaining a specified shape of any rigid material or metal.
It is as same as a woodworking shaper that provides a smooth and flat surface to the wood whereas the shaper machine is responsible for providing a smooth surface to the metals.
A shaper machine is a machining tool that works on the principle of reciprocation.
The operation is the same as the lathe machine, but the lathe machine provides a helical-cut, whereas the shaper machine provides a linear cut.
The invention of the shaper machine tool took place in 1791. This is one of the common tool of the 19th and 20th century in the manufacturing industry.
In the current time, there are different kinds of machining tools or equipment available that work the same as a shaper machine. A milling machine, grinding machine, CNC machines, or CNC milling machines are the advancement that can be used in the place of a shaper machine.
Although we are going through various technical innovations and advancements, the importance of the shaper machine remains at the top as the shaper machine provides a cut to the workpiece perfectly.
This machine is entirely redundant and requires less maintenance.
It is crucial to get information about the different parts of the shaper as it helps in understanding the working of this machine. There are five vital parts of this machine. Following are the brief description about the same:
Let’s try to understand of all parts one by one,
The base is among the most necessary parts of any machining tool that provides support to the machine.
This is a box-like structure that is mounted on the base which is made up of cast iron.
Cross rail is the part of the shaper machine which is situated on the front vertical surface of the column. The saddle is mounted on the cross rails.
The table is among the vital parts of the shaper machine as it is bolted to the saddle.
Ram is the part of the shaper machine that helps in the reciprocating action and also carries the tool head.
In the shaper machines, the cutting tool firmly holds for operation by a tool post. This tool head consists of a tool post as well as the cutting tools.
The cutting tool needs to be fitted into the tool post. Now, clapper box comes into picture for this regards.
Vice is a part that is mounted on the table and it has movable & fixed jaws.
The shaper machine works on a specific principle. Below mentioned is the basic principle and brief working of the same:
The above are the basic principles and mechanisms on which a shaper machine works. It helps in understanding the core working of the machine.
When it comes to different types of shaper machines, it depends upon the different parts.
The kinds of shaper machines can be defined on the basis of essential parts such as mechanism, ram travel, table design & cutting stroke.
According to driving Mechanism
According to Ram Travel
According to Table Design
According to Cutting Stroke
The following are the brief description about the same:
Driving mechanisms are the most crucial aspect of a shaper machine. Based on the driving mechanism, there are three types of shaper machine.
Crank Type Shaper
These are among the commonly available shaper machines which provide machining action by holding the work piece on the table.
Gear Type Shaper
Gear type of shaper machine works with a ram working in reciprocating motion.
The reciprocation motion in these types of shaper machines is due to the hydraulic mechanism.
Ram is one of the vital parts of the shaper machines. Due to this part, the whole machine is capable of providing the reciprocating motion, which in turn helps in the machining process.
There are two types of shaper machines based on ram travel.
The horizontal shaper machine holds the ram in a horizontal axis and provides a reciprocating motion.
The primary use of this type of shaper machine is for the production of,
In this type of shaper, just the position of the ram is in the vertical plane. The work piece is attached to the table in this kind of shaper machine.
These are some of the types of shaper machine based on the table design:
The standard shaper machines are equipped with only two movements, horizontal and vertical for providing the feed.
In this shaper machine, the table doesn’t support the outer end.
As the name suggests, this shaper machine can provide all the movements, including inclined and angular ones.
The reciprocating action of the ram in the shaper provides two strokes, cutting stroke and return stroke.
There are different kinds of shaper machines based on cutting stroke.
Push cut Shaper
These are the kind of shaper machines in which the material is removed in the forward motion of the ram.
It is among the commonly used shaper machines.
Draw cut Shaper
This kind of shaper machine removes the metal in the backward motion of the ram.
In this shaper machine, the tool is fixed in the reverse side, which in turn provides the desired cutting action in the backward motion or reverse stroke of the ram.
The shaper machine is capable of providing four primary operations that makes it an efficient machining tool.
Here we are providing a brief picture for all of those operations:
In this operation, the shaper machine provides an angular cut to the vertical or horizontal right angle to the plane.
This kind of cutting is achieved by machining a shoulder or squaring up a block which ultimately provides machining action to the end of the work piece.
In this machining operation, the table doesn’t move vertically.
In this cutting, the horizontal surfaces are machined. Additionally, the job mounted on the machine tables keeps on moving, concerning the ram movement of the shaper machine.
This method is efficient as the tool automatically lifts during the return stroke, which prevents the drag of the machined surface.
Irregular cutting is among the ambiguous operations of the shaper machine in which the round nose tool is used.
Using this one can provide shallow cuts also.
The shaper machines can cut in equal distance based on the settings of the cutting tool as well as the feed mechanism.
The below data needs to be known as the specification requirements of a shaper machine,
There is a different efficient application of a shaper machine specifically where there is a need for machining or carving different shapes. Some of them are discussed below:
There are numerous advantages to a shaper machine. Here we are providing some of the main ones:
Apart from some of the significant advantages, some limitations should be considered in getting a holistic knowledge of the machine. Some of them are as follows:
There are many manufacturers available for shaper machine, few of them are listed,
Here we have emphasized one of the ordinaries yet useful machining tools that have massive importance. With the knowledge of its mechanism, operation, working and types, it is relatively easy to get an understanding of the same.
In addition to most of the other things, the advantages and disadvantages clear the air regarding the efficiency and working of the machine. Apart from the above information there are a lot more to learn about shaper machine.
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